Optimal response to drought is critical for plant survival and will impact biodiversity and crop performance during climate change. Mitotically heritable epigenetic or dynamic chromatin state changes have been implicated in the plant response to the drought stress hormone abscisic acid (ABA). The Arabidopsis SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling ATPase BRAHMA (BRM) modulates response to ABA by preventing premature activation of stress response pathways during germination. We show that core ABA signaling pathway components physically interact with BRM and posttranslationally modify BRM by phospho-/dephosphorylation. Genetic evidence suggests that BRM acts downstream of SnRK2.2/2.3 kinases and biochemical studies identified phosphorylation sites in the C-terminal region of BRM at SnRK2 target sites that are evolutionarily conserved. Finally, the phosphomimetic BRMS1760D S1762D mutant displays ABA hypersensitivity. Prior studies showed that BRM resides at target loci in the ABA pathway in the presence and absence of the stimulus, but is only active in the absence of ABA. Our data suggest that SnRK2-dependent phosphorylation of BRM leads to its inhibition and PP2CA-mediated dephosphorylation of BRM restores ability of BRM to repress ABA response. The findings point to the presence of a rapid phosphorylation-based switch to control BRM activity; this property could be potentially harnessed to improve drought tolerance in plants.
Peirats-Llobet, MartaHan, Soon-KiGonzalez-Guzman, MiguelJeong, Cheol WoongRodriguez, LesiaBelda-Palazon, BorjaWagner, DorisRodriguez, Pedro LENG2015/10/27 06:00Mol Plant. 2015 Oct 21. pii: S1674-2052(15)00398-6. doi: 10.1016/j.molp.2015.10.003.