How will China respond when low-income countries can’t pay their debts?” for Monkey Cage (Washington Post), 2020-06-30.

Mind the Trap: What Basing Rights in Djibouti and Sri Lanka Reveal About the Limitations of Debt as a Tool of Chinese Military Expansion,” for China Brief, 2020-04-13.

Resource-Backed Loans, Revisited: Infrastructure for Aluminum in Ghana and Guinea,” for Center for Advanced China Research, 2020-02-27.

The Rise and Fall of the Resource-Backed Loan,” for Center for Advanced China Research, 2020-02-18.

Cambodia, China, and the PLAN’s Overseas Intentions“, for Center for Advanced China Research, 2019-09-19.

Honey Over Vinegar: China’s Slow and Steady Approach to Military Access in Cambodia,” for Center for Advanced China Research, 2019-09-12.

China in Uganda: The Highs and Lows of the Belt and Road,” for Center for Advanced China Research, 2019-06-27.

Too Much Risk or Not Enough? New Development Finance Agencies in China and the United States,” for Center for Advanced China Research2019-01-29.

Belt and Road in Rwanda: Private Sector Leads the Way,” for Belt and Road Blog, 2018-12-02.



Comparing the New Chinese and American Development Finance Agencies,” for The Belt and Road Podcast, March 4, 2019.



New Types of Financing for a New Financier,” presented at SAIS China-Africa Research Initiative Conference, Washington, DC, April 2018. (video)


Media mentions:

坦桑尼亚叫停百亿美元港口建设项目 [Tanzania Suspends $10 Billion Dollar Port Construction Project],” by Fang Bing (方冰), in Voice of America Chinese (美国之音中文), June 28, 2019.


Working papers under review:

Conditionality with Chinese Characteristics, working paper last updated 2018-07-28