|Chinese||Part of Speech||Pinyin||English|
|相去甚远||(v)||xiáng qù shèn yuǎn||to be quite at odds with|
|迷信||(v)||míxìn||to be superstitious|
Text (2): bone soup helps us supplement calcium
The human skeleton consists of two major components, organic matter and inorganic salts. The organic matter is mainly collagen, whose function is to make the bone elastic. Inorganic salts mainly include calcium and phosphorus which can make bones firm.
Therefore, people believe that “drinking more bone soup can help supplement calcium” which is reasonable. Bone collagen can help calcium to be effectively deposited on bones and improve the absorption and utilization rate of calcium. Bone soup is rich in calcium and bone collagen, undoubtedly it is one of the ways of calcium enrichment.
In addition, bone soup is rich in phosphorus, the absorption and utilization of calcium also need to have a certain proportion of phosphorus to complete the cycle. Eating calcium tablets alone may have the disadvantage of phosphorus deficiency.
However, simply thinking that “only drinking bone soup can increase calcium” idea, is not a scientific attitude. The results showed that the calcium content in the bone soup was not as high as we imagined, and there was also a lack of vitamin D to promote calcium absorption in the bone soup.
Some people calculate that when one kilogram of meat and bone is used to cook a soup for two hours, the calcium content in the soup is about 20 mg, and the calcium content in a small bowl of pig bone soup is only 2 mg, which is far from the amount of 1,000 mg needed by climacteric women each day. If a person only drinks soup to supplement calcium, then at least every day they need to drink hundreds of bowls of bone soup, obviously, this is not realistic. The recommended daily intake of calcium for ordinary adults is 800 mg, and patients with bone fractures need even more calcium.
Therefore, the belief in drinking bone soup alone cannot be blindly followed. If a person wants to actively supplement calcium in the daily diet they should also pay more attention to the intake of milk and soy products.