|Chinese||Part of Speech||Pinyin||English|
|胸闷||(n)||xiōng mēn||chest distress|
|脱落||(v)||tuōluò||to fall off|
|猝死||(v)||cùsǐ||to die suddenly|
|高血脂||(n)||gāo xuèzhī||high blood fat|
|高尿酸||(n)||gāo niàosuān||high uric acid|
Text (1): Thrombus from a Flight
In his 30s, Xiao Wang often flies to all parts of the world on business because of his work. Not long ago, just off the plane, Wang felt chest tightness, shortness of breath and the body is very uncomfortable. On examination at the hospital, CT of his chest showed bilateral pulmonary embolism, with emphasis on the right side. It turned out that Wang suffered from “economy class syndrome”.
The so-called “economy class syndrome”, also known as “lower limb venous thrombosis”, points to the plane economy class passengers, because sitting for a long time in a relatively narrow seat motionless, can lead to lower limb venous stagnation and coagulation with the formation of thrombosis. The thrombosis can be dislodged, and with the blood flow through the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery, blocks the pulmonary artery, namely “pulmonary embolism”. This causes dyspnea, chest pain, and can cause sudden death.
However, the economy class syndrome is not specific to flying economy class. In fact, no matter by plane or by train or bus, or even in the office, as long as you sit still for a long time, the veins of the lower limbs of the human body easily form thrombus, and then there is the possibility of “pulmonary embolism”.
Another factor causing the thrombus is the thick blood. In general, overweight and hyperlipidemia, high uric acid, diabetes, and women taking contraceptives, have a higher risk of suffering from “economy class syndrome” and travelers should pay attention to prevention.