Digestive System Text 2

 

课文(二):早餐能吃粽子吗

端午节时,中国人喜欢吃粽子。粽子用糯米包成,馅料多种多样。不少人喜欢吃粽子,而且每天还把粽子当早饭吃,这对身体是十分有害的。

北京的王先生早饭吃了一个粽子,可是没到中午,他就感到胃部胀痛,时不时打嗝、反胃酸,送到医院急诊竟然是急性胃炎。专家提醒,粽子是糯米做的,如果晚上放在冰箱里,早晨没加热就食用,对身体健康很不利。

食物消化从胃到肠,至少需要六个小时。粽子是糯米做的,不容易消化;早饭就吃粽子,停留在胃里的时间会更长,刺激胃酸分泌,可能导致患有慢性胃病、胃溃疡的人发病。虽然粽子可以冷食,但会比较硬,建议从冰箱拿出来加热后再食用。值得注意的是,临睡前绝对不能吃粽子,否则一整晚留在肚子里不容易消化。

专家建议,吃粽子时最好能同时喝茶水,帮助吞咽和消化;每次少吃一点,可选择小粽子。同时,粽子也要吃得清淡一点。如有胃病的人吃粽子可选大米粽,不要吃糖;对于有胆结石胆囊炎和胰腺炎的病人,建议不要吃肉粽,否则可能引起消化不良,使疾病急性发作。

 

Chinese Part of Speech Pinyin English
糯米 (n) nuòmǐ glutinous rice
馅料 (n xiànliào stuffing
胀痛 (v) zhàngtòng to have a distending pain
打嗝 (v) dǎgé to hiccup
胃酸 (n) wèisuān gastric acid
急诊 (n) jízhěn emergency treatment
胃炎 (n) wèiyán gastritis
消化 (v) xiāohuà to digest
溃疡 (n) kuìyáng ulcer
吞咽 (v) tūnyàn to swallow
清淡 (adj) qīngdàn light
胆结石 (n) dǎn jiéshí gallstone
胆囊 (n) dǎnnáng gallbladder
胰腺 (n) yíxiàn pancreas

 

Text (2): Can we have zongzi for breakfast?

During the Dragon Boat Festival, Chinese people like to eat zongzi. Zongzi is made of sticky rice with various fillings. Many people like to eat zongzi, and eat zongzi as breakfast every day, which is very harmful to the body.

Mr. Wang, who is from Beijing, had a zongzi for breakfast, but before noon, he felt stomach pain, hiccups and acid from time to time. At the hospital emergency room, it turned out to be acute gastritis. Experts remind us that zongzi is made of sticky rice. If it is put in the refrigerator at night and eaten without heating in the morning, it is not healthy.

It takes at least six hours for food to be digested from the stomach to the intestine. Zongzi is made of sticky rice, not easy to digest. If you eat zongzi for breakfast, it stays in the stomach for a longer time, stimulates gastric acid secretion and may lead to chronic stomach disease or gastric ulcer disease. Although zongzi can be eaten cold, it will be relatively hard. It is recommended to take it out of the refrigerator and heat it up before eating. It is important to note that you should never eat zongzi before you go to bed otherwise it will not be easy to digest if it stays in your stomach all night.

Experts suggest that when eating zongzi, it is best to drink tea and water at the same time to help swallowing and digestion. Eat less each time and choose small zongzi. At the same time, choose zongzi that are a little lighter. If the person that has stomach troubles wants to eat zongzi, they can choose rice zongzi without adding sugar. For patients with gallstones, cholecystitis and pancreatitis, it is recommended not to eat meat dumplings. They may cause dyspepsia and lead to an acute attack of the disease.