Endocrine System Text 1

 

课文(一):当青春期撞上更年期

小林最近心情很糟糕,她和妈妈的争吵几乎成了家常便饭。她说妈妈现在是典型更年期妇女,一点儿小事就发脾气,还唠唠叨叨。但小林的爸爸也发现,小林上了初中以后,不如小时候听话了。

其实,小林和妈妈分别处在两个特殊的年龄阶段——青春期和更年期。这两个阶段的共同特点是情绪不稳定,主要原因归结于体内激素的变化。孩子进入青春期,生长激素、性激素分泌增加;女性进入更年期,卵巢功能开始退化,雌激素分泌减少。激素的变化带来一系列生理上、心理上的变化。

青春期的孩子,身高、体形、音色都在迅速变化,第二性征开始发育成熟,自我意识增强,在观念上容易与父母产生分歧,有时甚至故意违背父母的想法。

而处于更年期的女性,激素变化所带来的影响更大。神经系统功能与精神活动状况的稳定性减弱,导致人体对环境的适应力下降,并出现潮热、出汗、头痛、头晕、记忆力下降、睡眠障碍等症状,也会对各种精神因素比较敏感,以致出现情绪波动,严重者还可能诱发多种疾病。

因此,当青春期撞上更年期,最重要的是双方相互理解和包容,因为这都是体内激素惹的祸。

 

Chinese Part of Speech Pinyin English
更年期 (n) gēngniánqī menopause
唠叨 (v) láodao to nag
青春期 (n) qīngchūnqī puberty
激素 (n) jīsù hormone
雌激素 (n) cíjīsù estrogen
第二性征 (n) dì-èr xìngzhēng secondary sex characteristic
分歧 (n) fēnqí difference (of opinion)
潮热 (n) cháorè hot flash

 

Text (1): When adolescence hits menopause.

Xiao Lin has been in a bad mood recently. Her quarrels with her mother have become almost a routine. She said that her mother is now a typical climacteric woman who loses her temper at the slightest trifle and keeps on nagging. But Xiao Lin’s father also found that Xiao Lin, since entering junior high school, has not been as obedient as when she was a child.

In fact, Xiao Lin and her mother, respectively, are in two special age stages, adolescence and menopause. The common feature of these two stages is emotional instability, which is mainly attributed to changes in hormones in the body. When children enter adolescence, their growth hormone and sex hormone secretion is increased. When women enter menopause, the ovarian function begins to degrade and estrogen secretion is decreased. Hormone changes bring a series of physiological and psychological changes.

Adolescent children experience rapid changes in height, shape and tone. The secondary sexual characteristics begin to mature and enhance self-awareness. This is a time when differences with their parents are exaggerated and sometimes they will go deliberately against their parents’ ideas.

Women in menopause experience hormonal changes which have a great impact. The stability of the nervous system and mental activity is weakened, leading to the body’s decreased ability to adapt to the environment. Hot flashes, sweating, headache, dizziness, memory decline, sleep disorders and other symptoms are produced. Women in menopause will also be more sensitive to a variety of mental factors so that there are mood swings.  Menopause may also induce a variety of diseases.

Therefore, when puberty goes against menopause, the most important thing is for both parties to understand and tolerate each other, because this is all caused by hormones in the body.