Endocrine System Text 2

 

课文(二):又见青春痘

40岁的张女士很烦恼,自己都一把年纪了,脸上竟然又长起了“青春痘”!

青春痘即“粉刺”,它是一种慢性炎症,之所以多发于青春期,与这个阶段人体的内分泌特点密不可分。青春期男女性腺发育快,体内的雄性激素——睾酮的含量上升,从而刺激皮脂分泌增多,如果此时并发病菌感染,就会导致炎症,出现青春痘或囊肿现象。

同样,很多女性在月经期前及怀孕期间出现长痘痘的情况,也与特定时段性激素分泌的变化有关。但是,如果像张女士这样人到中年,青春痘又回来了,那就要多加留意了,背后可能隐藏着身体内分泌失调的问题。

例如,肾上腺是人体重要的内分泌器官,肾上腺瘤或者增生可能导致分泌过多的皮质激素和油性激素,就会引发粉刺。如果患者在起痘痘的同时,出现面部和躯干肥胖、体毛增多、食欲亢进、体重增加、月经紊乱等现象,就应高度重视是否患有肾上腺疾病。

此外,青春痘与不良生活习惯之间也存在密切的联系。过度油腻、刺激性饮食,紫外线照射,生活压力增加,睡眠不足等多种原因都可能对内分泌系统产生不良影响,造成激素水平的波动,继而损害皮肤,令青春痘“青春焕发”。

 

Chinese Part of Speech Pinyin English
青春痘 (n) qīngchūndòu acne, pimple
粉刺 (n) fěncì acne
性腺 (n) xìngxiàn sexual gland
睾酮 (n) gāotóng testosterone
皮脂 (n) pízhī sebum
囊肿 (n) nángzhǒng cyst
失调 (n) shītiáo imbalance
肾上腺 (n) shènshàngxiàn adrenal gland
躯干 (n) qūgàn torso
亢进 (v) kàngjìn hyperfunction

 

Text (2): seeing acne again

 

Ms. Zhang, 40, is very upset. She is not young anymore, and has “whelk” on her face again!

Whelk is “acne,” which is a chronic inflammation of the skin pores. Endocrine characteristics of the human body at adolescence are the reason why many adolescents have this problem. Pubertal sex glands are developing quickly. The male hormone in the body, testosterone, increases, thus stimulating sebum secretion. If there is a concurrent bacterial infection, this will lead to inflammation, acne or cyst.

Similarly, many women before their menstrual period and during pregnancy develop acne. This can also happen when there are age-related changes in sex hormone secretion. However, if people like Ms. Zhang who is middle-aged, get acne, it is necessary to pay more attention to the changes in the body’s endocrine system.

For example, the adrenal gland is an important endocrine organ in the human body. Adrenal tumors or hyperplasia may lead to excessive secretion of corticosteroids and male hormones, which will lead to acne. If acne patients also develop facial and trunk obesity, increased body hair, appetite, weight gain, menstrual disorders and other phenomena, they should pay attention to whether they are suffering from an adrenal disease.

In addition, there is also a close relationship between acne and bad living habits. Excessive fatty foods, irritating diet, ultraviolet radiation, increased stress in life, lack of sleep and many other reasons may have an adverse effect on the endocrine system, causing fluctuations in hormone levels, which in turn damage the skin.