Endocrine System Text 2









Chinese Part of Speech Pinyin English
青春痘 (n) qīngchūndòu acne, pimple
粉刺 (n) fěncì acne
性腺 (n) xìngxiàn sexual gland
睾酮 (n) gāotóng testosterone
皮脂 (n) pízhī sebum
囊肿 (n) nángzhǒng cyst
失调 (n) shītiáo imbalance
肾上腺 (n) shènshàngxiàn adrenal gland
躯干 (n) qūgàn torso
亢进 (v) kàngjìn hyperfunction


Text (2): seeing acne again


Ms. Zhang, 40, is very upset. She is not young anymore, and has “whelk” on her face again!

Whelk is “acne,” which is a chronic inflammation of the skin pores. Endocrine characteristics of the human body at adolescence are the reason why many adolescents have this problem. Pubertal sex glands are developing quickly. The male hormone in the body, testosterone, increases, thus stimulating sebum secretion. If there is a concurrent bacterial infection, this will lead to inflammation, acne or cyst.

Similarly, many women before their menstrual period and during pregnancy develop acne. This can also happen when there are age-related changes in sex hormone secretion. However, if people like Ms. Zhang who is middle-aged, get acne, it is necessary to pay more attention to the changes in the body’s endocrine system.

For example, the adrenal gland is an important endocrine organ in the human body. Adrenal tumors or hyperplasia may lead to excessive secretion of corticosteroids and male hormones, which will lead to acne. If acne patients also develop facial and trunk obesity, increased body hair, appetite, weight gain, menstrual disorders and other phenomena, they should pay attention to whether they are suffering from an adrenal disease.

In addition, there is also a close relationship between acne and bad living habits. Excessive fatty foods, irritating diet, ultraviolet radiation, increased stress in life, lack of sleep and many other reasons may have an adverse effect on the endocrine system, causing fluctuations in hormone levels, which in turn damage the skin.