Immune System Text 2








Chinese Part of Speech Pinyin English
采访 (v) cǎifǎng to interview
免疫 (v) miǎnyì to be immune
风湿 (n) fēngshī rheumatism
门诊 (n) ménzhěn outpatient clinic
痛风 (n) tòngfēng gout
强直性脊柱炎 (n) qiángzhíxìng jǐzhùyán ankylosing spondylitis
专利 (n) zhuānlì patent
就诊 (v) jiùzhěn to see a doctor
嘌呤 (n) piàolíng purine
代谢 (n) dàixiè metabolism
荤菜 (n) hūncài meat dish


Text (2): new features of immune rheumatic diseases

Yesterday, the reporter interviewed in the First People’s Hospital of our city and found that the number of immuno-rheumatology patients in this hospital increased significantly. Deputy Chief physician Zhu Jianxin told reporters that their outpatient visits this week were close to 400, and the number of patients admitted to the hospital was also increasing. The maximum number reached 46 a day, and there were not enough beds, so they had to add more beds.

According to Zhu Jianxin, this week’s patients are different from the past, showing two new features: First, for a single disease, such as gout, ankylosing spondylitis, the number of patients doubled more than usual; Second, many female patients with ankylosing spondylitis were admitted this week. Ankylosing spondylitis is no longer the “patent” of men.

This week, the number of gout patients in the immune-rheumatology department doubled, with many coming for sudden onset. Gout is a disease caused by the accumulation of uric acid due to purine metabolism disorders. It is understood that this is related to the dietary habits of many citizens who blow air conditioners in summer, eat more beans, seafood and meat dishes, and like to drink beer. Therefore, reasonable control of diet is the key to avoid gout.

Immuno-rheumatology also treated six women with ankylosing spondylitis this week. Ankylosing spondylitis is a systemic autoimmune disease, which previously mainly occurred in young men and was relatively rare in women. At present, there are more and more female patients, and even many students suffer from this disease. Doctors believe that this is mainly due to environmental pollution, bad eating habits, great psychological pressure and heavy learning burden.