Immune System Text 2

 

课文(二):免疫风湿性疾病呈现新特点

昨天,记者在我市第一人民医院采访,发现该院免疫风湿科病人明显增多。副主任医师朱建新告诉记者,本周他们的门诊量接近400人次,收治入院的病人也在增加,最多的一天已达46人,床位不够,只好加床。

据朱建新介绍,本周病人较以往有所不同,可以说呈现出两大新的特点:一是就单病种来说,像痛风强直性脊柱炎等,病人数比平时增加一倍;二是本周收治了多起强直性脊柱炎女性患者,强直性脊柱炎不再是男人的“专利”。

本周,免疫风湿科痛风病人增加一倍,很多因突然发作前来就诊。痛风是一种因嘌呤代谢障碍,使尿酸累积而引起的疾病。据了解,这与不少市民夏天吹空调,多吃豆类、海鲜、荤菜,且喜喝啤酒的饮食习惯有关,因此,合理控制饮食是避免痛风的关键。

免疫风湿科在本周还诊治了六个强直性脊柱炎女性患者。强直性脊柱炎是系统性自身免疫性疾病,以往主要发生在年轻男性身上,女性相对少见。现在女性病人已越来越多,甚至有好多学生也得此病,医生认为,这主要与环境污染、不良饮食习惯、心理压力大和学习负担重有关。

 

Chinese Part of Speech Pinyin English
采访 (v) cǎifǎng to interview
免疫 (v) miǎnyì to be immune
风湿 (n) fēngshī rheumatism
门诊 (n) ménzhěn outpatient clinic
痛风 (n) tòngfēng gout
强直性脊柱炎 (n) qiángzhíxìng jǐzhùyán ankylosing spondylitis
专利 (n) zhuānlì patent
就诊 (v) jiùzhěn to see a doctor
嘌呤 (n) piàolíng purine
代谢 (n) dàixiè metabolism
荤菜 (n) hūncài meat dish

 

Text (2): new features of immune rheumatic diseases

Yesterday, the reporter interviewed in the First People’s Hospital of our city and found that the number of immuno-rheumatology patients in this hospital increased significantly. Deputy Chief physician Zhu Jianxin told reporters that their outpatient visits this week were close to 400, and the number of patients admitted to the hospital was also increasing. The maximum number reached 46 a day, and there were not enough beds, so they had to add more beds.

According to Zhu Jianxin, this week’s patients are different from the past, showing two new features: First, for a single disease, such as gout, ankylosing spondylitis, the number of patients doubled more than usual; Second, many female patients with ankylosing spondylitis were admitted this week. Ankylosing spondylitis is no longer the “patent” of men.

This week, the number of gout patients in the immune-rheumatology department doubled, with many coming for sudden onset. Gout is a disease caused by the accumulation of uric acid due to purine metabolism disorders. It is understood that this is related to the dietary habits of many citizens who blow air conditioners in summer, eat more beans, seafood and meat dishes, and like to drink beer. Therefore, reasonable control of diet is the key to avoid gout.

Immuno-rheumatology also treated six women with ankylosing spondylitis this week. Ankylosing spondylitis is a systemic autoimmune disease, which previously mainly occurred in young men and was relatively rare in women. At present, there are more and more female patients, and even many students suffer from this disease. Doctors believe that this is mainly due to environmental pollution, bad eating habits, great psychological pressure and heavy learning burden.