Mental Health Text 1

 

课文(一):别忽视“老糊涂”

“总觉得她只是老糊涂,哪想到会这样!” 在医院,刘先生守着因自杀而生命垂危的老伴,后悔不已……

我们在日常生活中,偶尔会看到个别老年人性格怪异、记忆力消退、嗜睡、对任何事物都不感兴趣,有的还会出现皮肤明显萎缩、脱发老年斑横生、视力模糊、听力下降、手脚震颤。这些现象常被我们归结为“年龄大了”、“糊涂了”、“老小孩”等,引不起重视。然而,专家指出,上述是典型老年期精神疾病的症状。

导致老年期精神疾病的原因,大致有三个方面:一是脑细胞的衰老。随着年龄增大,人体各器官逐渐衰退,特别是脑细胞的衰退更为明显,引发老年人对事物的反应减慢,严重的会出现老年痴呆症,甚至脑梗塞、脑溢血等疾病。二是疾病的困扰。不少老年人由于患有高血压、心脏病、糖尿病等,多年来疾病缠身,精神和肉体承受了巨大的痛苦。三是来自外界的压力。不少老年人离开工作岗位后,在家无事可做,产生失落、无用的感觉;还有的属于“空巢”老人,孤独寂寞难以承受。以上三点,都会使老年人的精神受到严重的影响。

因此,子女要给予父母更多的关心和爱护,常回家看看,尽量满足他们的要求,让父母享受健康晚年。

 

Chinese Part of Speech Pinyin English
老糊涂 (adj) lǎohútu doited
生命垂危 (adj) shēngmìng chuíwēi at death’s door
记忆力 (n) jìyìlì memory
脱发 (v) tuōfà to lose hair
老年斑 (n) lǎoniánbān age pigment; senile plaque
震颤 (v) zhènchàn to tremble
脑溢血 (n) nǎoyìxuè cerebral hemorrhage
空巢 (n) kōngcháo empty nest

 

Text (1): Don’t Ignore “Old Fool”

“I always think she’s just an old fool. I didn’t expect that!” In the hospital, Mr. Liu watched his wife, who was dying after a suicide attempt, regretting that …

In our daily life, we occasionally see some elderly people with strange personalities, fading memory, lethargy and no interest in anything. Some people may even have skin atrophy, alopecia, senile plaques, blurred vision, hearing loss and tremors of hands and feet. These phenomena are often attributed to “getting older”, “being confused”, “old children”, etc., which cannot be taken seriously. However, experts point out that the above are typical symptoms of mental illness in old age.

The causes of mental illness in the elderly come from roughly three aspects: First, the aging of brain cells. As you get older, various organs of the human body gradually decline, especially the decline of brain cells which is more obvious, causing the elderly to slow down the reaction to things. If it is serious, it will appear as senile dementia. Cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage and other diseases are also common. Also, preexisting diseases can affect the elderly. Many elderly people have suffered from high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes and other diseases for many years and suffered great mental and physical pain. Third, pressure from the outside world. Many senior citizens have nothing to do at home after leaving their jobs, resulting in feelings of loss and uselessness. Some of them belong to the “empty nest” elderly, and their loneliness is unbearable. The above three reasons will seriously affect the spirit of the elderly.

Therefore, children should give their parents more care and love. They should go home often and try to meet their needs, so that the parents can enjoy a healthy old age.