Mental Health Text 2









Chinese Part of Speech Pinyin English
抑郁症 (n) yìyùzhèng depression
多愁善感 (adj) duōchóu shàngǎn to be sentimental
食欲 (n) shíyù appetite
便秘 (n) biànmì constipation
(n) zhòu daytime
悲观 (adj) bēiguān pessimistic
厌世 (v) yànshì to be world-weary
自杀 (n) zìshā suicide


Text (2): the closest mental illness to us — depression

Almost one in seven adults worldwide is depressed. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) prediction, by 2020, depression will become the second-largest disease in humans after cardiovascular disease.

Depression generally has three major symptoms: low mood, slow thinking and motor inhibition. To be specific, First, being depressed means not being happy, being sentimental, and even being pessimistic and desperate. Second, slow thinking, mainly manifested as poor memory, difficulty thinking, especially the loss of interest and pleasure. Third, motor inhibition, including loss of energy, a sense of fatigue, do not like activity, the whole body is weak, walk slowly, and fewer words, etc.

In addition, patients with depression will also have sleep disorders, decreased appetite, sexual dysfunction, weight loss, constipation, systemic pain, discomfort, and other symptoms.

It is worth mentioning that many patients have only one or two of the above symptoms, and the severity varies from person to person, which is one of the reasons why depression is often overlooked. However, depression often reveals daytime symptoms are more severe than nighttime symptoms. If the above-mentioned discomforts are more serious in the morning and patients have some relief in the afternoon or at night, then the possibility of suffering from depression is greater.

Because of pessimism, depression patients often think of suicide. According to research, the suicide rate of depressed patients is 20 times higher than that of the general population. Therefore, paying attention to depression and actively preventing and treating depression are important topics for every modern person.