Mental Health Text 2

 

课文(二):离我们最近的心理疾病–––抑郁症

全球几乎每7个成年人中就有1个是抑郁症患者。据世界卫生组织(WHO)预测,到2020年,抑郁症将成为人类仅次于心血管疾病的第二大疾病。

抑郁症一般来说有三大症状:情绪低落、思维迟缓和运动抑制。具体来讲,第一,情绪低落就是高兴不起来,多愁善感,甚至悲观绝望。第二,思维迟缓,主要表现为记忆力差,思考问题困难,特别是兴趣与愉快感丧失。第三,运动抑制,包括精力减退、总有疲乏感、不爱活动、浑身发懒、走路缓慢、言语少等。

除此之外,抑郁症患者还会出现一些如睡眠紊乱、食欲下降、性功能减退、体重下降、便秘、全身疼痛不适等症状。

值得一提的是,很多患者只具备上列的一点或两点症状,严重程度也因人而异,这正是抑郁症常被忽视的原因之一。但是,抑郁症具有重夜轻的变化规律。如果病人上述的不适早晨比较严重,下午或晚上有部分缓解,那么,患抑郁症的可能性就比较大了。

抑郁症患者由于悲观厌世,严重时容易产生自杀的念头。据研究,抑郁症患者的自杀率比一般人群高20倍。因此,关注抑郁症、积极防治抑郁症是每个现代人的重要课题。

 

Chinese Part of Speech Pinyin English
抑郁症 (n) yìyùzhèng depression
多愁善感 (adj) duōchóu shàngǎn to be sentimental
食欲 (n) shíyù appetite
便秘 (n) biànmì constipation
(n) zhòu daytime
悲观 (adj) bēiguān pessimistic
厌世 (v) yànshì to be world-weary
自杀 (n) zìshā suicide

 

Text (2): the closest mental illness to us — depression

Almost one in seven adults worldwide is depressed. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) prediction, by 2020, depression will become the second-largest disease in humans after cardiovascular disease.

Depression generally has three major symptoms: low mood, slow thinking and motor inhibition. To be specific, First, being depressed means not being happy, being sentimental, and even being pessimistic and desperate. Second, slow thinking, mainly manifested as poor memory, difficulty thinking, especially the loss of interest and pleasure. Third, motor inhibition, including loss of energy, a sense of fatigue, do not like activity, the whole body is weak, walk slowly, and fewer words, etc.

In addition, patients with depression will also have sleep disorders, decreased appetite, sexual dysfunction, weight loss, constipation, systemic pain, discomfort, and other symptoms.

It is worth mentioning that many patients have only one or two of the above symptoms, and the severity varies from person to person, which is one of the reasons why depression is often overlooked. However, depression often reveals daytime symptoms are more severe than nighttime symptoms. If the above-mentioned discomforts are more serious in the morning and patients have some relief in the afternoon or at night, then the possibility of suffering from depression is greater.

Because of pessimism, depression patients often think of suicide. According to research, the suicide rate of depressed patients is 20 times higher than that of the general population. Therefore, paying attention to depression and actively preventing and treating depression are important topics for every modern person.