Nervous System Text 1








Chinese Part of Speech Pinyin English
外向 (adj) wàixiàng extroverted
老年痴呆症 (n) lǎonián chīdāizhèng senile dememtia
典型 (adj) diǎnxíng typical
罹患 (v) líhuàn to suffer from (disease)
察觉 (v) chájué to notice
(v) to reverse
健忘 (adj) jiànwàng forgetful
皮质 (n) pízhì cortex
沟回 (n) gōuhuí gyrus
脑室 (n) nǎoshì cerebral ventricle
神经元 (n) shénjīngyuán neuron
衰老 (adj) shuāilǎo aging
温馨 (adj) wēnxīn warm and sweet


Text (1): prevention of senile dementia

At the end of last year, Mr. Wang’s father died and his mother was alone in her hometown in the countryside. To facilitate care, he took his mother to the city to live with him. After entering the city, his mother’s conversation gradually decreased. She was originally extroverted and now was unwilling to go out. She was also quiet at home and he often had to say something several times before she could remember it.

These symptoms of Wang’s mother are typical of the early stage of dementia. His mother had experienced the death of her loved ones and changes in her living environment within a short period of time, which might be the direct reason for her suffering from senile dementia.

Senile dementia, which generally occurs after age 65, is a primary brain degenerative disease of unknown etiology. Its onset is not easy to detect, its development is slow and irreversible, and its earliest stage usually starts with gradual, aggravating forgetfulness. Pathological changes mainly include atrophy of the cerebral cortex, widening of cerebral sulcus gyrus, enlargement of the cerebral ventricle, and substantial reduction of neurons. Onset before the age of 65 is called early-onset dementia, usually with a family history, rapid development of the disease, and often the phenomenon of loss of language and pragmatic failure.

Nowadays, more and more people suffer from senile dementia. Therefore, the elderly should maintain an optimistic attitude and more contact with the external environment. Accept the inconvenience brought by aging and disease, and face the disease optimistically. Don’t close yourself in. Go out and have more activities and communicate with others. Family members should spend more time with the elderly so that they can maintain an optimistic attitude in warm communication with their families. In particular, it is necessary to accompany the elderly to look around, see the new living environment, introduce and meet new neighbors, and so on, so that the elderly can gradually adapt to changes in the environment.