Nervous System Text 1

 

课文(一):预防老年痴呆症

去年年底,王先生的父亲去世,母亲一个人在农村老家。为方便照顾,他把母亲接到城里和自己一起生活。进城后母亲话语逐渐减少,原本性格外向的她不愿出门了,在家也不爱说话,经常一件事要反复说好几遍才能记住。

王先生的母亲出现的这些症状,正是老年痴呆症初期的典型表现。他母亲在短时间内经历了亲人过世以及生活环境的改变,这可能是导致她罹患老年痴呆症的直接原因。

老年痴呆症一般发生在65岁以后,是一种病因未明的原发性脑变性疾病。起病不易察觉,发展缓慢且不可,最早期往往是以逐渐加重的健忘开始。病理改变主要为脑皮质萎缩、脑沟回增宽、脑室扩大及神经元大量减少。65岁以前发病称为早老性痴呆,多有同病家族史,病情发展较快,常有失语和失用的现象。

如今,老年痴呆症的患者越来越多。因此,老年人要保持乐观心态,与外界环境多接触;接受身体衰老、疾病等带来的不便,乐观面对疾病;不要封闭自己,要出去多活动、与人交流。家人要多花时间陪伴老人,让老人在与家人温馨的交流中保持乐观心态。特别是要陪伴老人四处转转,看看新的生活环境,介绍认识新邻居等,让老人逐渐适应环境的变化。

 

Chinese Part of Speech Pinyin English
外向 (adj) wàixiàng extroverted
老年痴呆症 (n) lǎonián chīdāizhèng senile dememtia
典型 (adj) diǎnxíng typical
罹患 (v) líhuàn to suffer from (disease)
察觉 (v) chájué to notice
(v) to reverse
健忘 (adj) jiànwàng forgetful
皮质 (n) pízhì cortex
沟回 (n) gōuhuí gyrus
脑室 (n) nǎoshì cerebral ventricle
神经元 (n) shénjīngyuán neuron
衰老 (adj) shuāilǎo aging
温馨 (adj) wēnxīn warm and sweet

 

Text (1): prevention of senile dementia

At the end of last year, Mr. Wang’s father died and his mother was alone in her hometown in the countryside. To facilitate care, he took his mother to the city to live with him. After entering the city, his mother’s conversation gradually decreased. She was originally extroverted and now was unwilling to go out. She was also quiet at home and he often had to say something several times before she could remember it.

These symptoms of Wang’s mother are typical of the early stage of dementia. His mother had experienced the death of her loved ones and changes in her living environment within a short period of time, which might be the direct reason for her suffering from senile dementia.

Senile dementia, which generally occurs after age 65, is a primary brain degenerative disease of unknown etiology. Its onset is not easy to detect, its development is slow and irreversible, and its earliest stage usually starts with gradual, aggravating forgetfulness. Pathological changes mainly include atrophy of the cerebral cortex, widening of cerebral sulcus gyrus, enlargement of the cerebral ventricle, and substantial reduction of neurons. Onset before the age of 65 is called early-onset dementia, usually with a family history, rapid development of the disease, and often the phenomenon of loss of language and pragmatic failure.

Nowadays, more and more people suffer from senile dementia. Therefore, the elderly should maintain an optimistic attitude and more contact with the external environment. Accept the inconvenience brought by aging and disease, and face the disease optimistically. Don’t close yourself in. Go out and have more activities and communicate with others. Family members should spend more time with the elderly so that they can maintain an optimistic attitude in warm communication with their families. In particular, it is necessary to accompany the elderly to look around, see the new living environment, introduce and meet new neighbors, and so on, so that the elderly can gradually adapt to changes in the environment.