Nervous System Text 2








Chinese Part of Speech Pinyin English
抽搐 (v) chōuchù spasm
神志不清 (adj) shénzhì bùqīng confused state of mind
血管 (n) xuèguǎn blood vessel
硬化 (v) yìnghuà sclerosis
脑血栓 (n) nǎoxuèshuān cerebral thrombosis
高峰 (n) gāofēng peak
先兆 (n) xiānzhào omen
偏瘫 (n) piāntān hemiparalysis
失语 (n) shīyǔ aphasia
血流 (n) xuèliú blood flow


Text (2): Stay away from cerebral thrombosis.

A nearly 60-year-old Beijing citizen, Li, was taken to the hospital for emergency treatment after he suddenly fell ill, twitched, and became delirious during his granddaughter’s “one hundred-day” banquet. The doctor said that he has a vascular sclerosis problem. Maybe due to drinking and emotional excitement, it induced cerebral thrombosis.

On the afternoon of the 9th, Mr. Li was rushed to the emergency room of the hospital. He talked nonsense, constantly shaking his arm. The family around his cart was very anxious. The doctor thought at first that this patient was just drunk, but he found out after a series of examinations that the old man was suffering from cerebral thrombosis.

Doctor Lin from the emergency department of the hospital told the reporter that talking nonsense was the symptom of cerebral thrombosis. Cerebral thrombosis is one of the ischemic cerebrovascular diseases, and is more common in middle-aged and elderly people. Cerebral thrombosis generally starts slowly, and it takes tens of hours to days from the onset to the peak of the disease. The disease often occurs during sleep or at rest. Some patients often have no premonitory symptoms before bedtime and wake up in the morning to find hemiplegia or aphasia, which may be related to low blood pressure and slow blood flow at rest. However, some patients who suffer from this disease during the daytime often have such symptoms as dizziness, numbness and weakness of limbs, and transient ischemic attack.

Dr. Lin reminded middle-aged and old citizens to control their alcohol intake when drinking at ordinary times. They should not get too excited when they encounter happy or sad things, but should learn to adjust their psychology and emotions appropriately to reduce the chance of cerebral thrombosis.