Nervous System Text 2

 

课文(二):远离脑血栓

北京市一名年近六十的市民李先生,在孙女的“百日”酒宴上突然犯病抽搐神志不清,被送往医院抢救。医生说,老人平时就存在血管硬化问题,可能是因为饮酒和情绪激动诱发了脑血栓

9日下午,李先生被紧急推进了医院抢救室。他嘴里说着胡话,不断摇动着胳膊,围在推车边的家人急得满头大汗。医生一开始以为这名患者只是喝醉了酒,没想到一系列检查后才发现,老人原来是患了脑血栓。

医院急诊科林大夫告诉记者,说胡话等就是脑血栓的症状。脑血栓是缺血性脑血管病的一种,多见于中老年人。脑血栓一般起病较缓慢,从发病到病情发展到高峰,多需数十小时至数天。这种病常在睡眠中或安静休息时发生。一些病人往往睡前没有任何先兆症状,早晨醒来时发现偏瘫失语,这可能与休息时血压偏低、血流缓慢有关,但也有一些在白天发病的病人,常有头昏、肢体麻木无力及短暂性脑缺血发作等症状。

林医生提醒,中老年市民平时饮酒时要注意控制酒量,在遇到高兴、悲伤的事情时不要过于激动,要学会适当调节心理和情绪,以降低脑血栓发病的几率。

 

Chinese Part of Speech Pinyin English
抽搐 (v) chōuchù spasm
神志不清 (adj) shénzhì bùqīng confused state of mind
血管 (n) xuèguǎn blood vessel
硬化 (v) yìnghuà sclerosis
脑血栓 (n) nǎoxuèshuān cerebral thrombosis
高峰 (n) gāofēng peak
先兆 (n) xiānzhào omen
偏瘫 (n) piāntān hemiparalysis
失语 (n) shīyǔ aphasia
血流 (n) xuèliú blood flow

 

Text (2): Stay away from cerebral thrombosis.

A nearly 60-year-old Beijing citizen, Li, was taken to the hospital for emergency treatment after he suddenly fell ill, twitched, and became delirious during his granddaughter’s “one hundred-day” banquet. The doctor said that he has a vascular sclerosis problem. Maybe due to drinking and emotional excitement, it induced cerebral thrombosis.

On the afternoon of the 9th, Mr. Li was rushed to the emergency room of the hospital. He talked nonsense, constantly shaking his arm. The family around his cart was very anxious. The doctor thought at first that this patient was just drunk, but he found out after a series of examinations that the old man was suffering from cerebral thrombosis.

Doctor Lin from the emergency department of the hospital told the reporter that talking nonsense was the symptom of cerebral thrombosis. Cerebral thrombosis is one of the ischemic cerebrovascular diseases, and is more common in middle-aged and elderly people. Cerebral thrombosis generally starts slowly, and it takes tens of hours to days from the onset to the peak of the disease. The disease often occurs during sleep or at rest. Some patients often have no premonitory symptoms before bedtime and wake up in the morning to find hemiplegia or aphasia, which may be related to low blood pressure and slow blood flow at rest. However, some patients who suffer from this disease during the daytime often have such symptoms as dizziness, numbness and weakness of limbs, and transient ischemic attack.

Dr. Lin reminded middle-aged and old citizens to control their alcohol intake when drinking at ordinary times. They should not get too excited when they encounter happy or sad things, but should learn to adjust their psychology and emotions appropriately to reduce the chance of cerebral thrombosis.