Skin Text 1

 

课文(一):夏天预防皮肤病

30岁的小李最怕夏天, 天气一热,她的皮肤病就会发作,得让她无法忍受。为什么夏天是皮肤病的高发季节?这与夏天的气候特点有关。

夏天气候比较潮湿,适合真菌生长繁殖,蚊子、螨虫等也更加活跃,容易引发真菌性皮肤病和虫咬性皮炎。夏天天气炎热,人体毛细血管扩张,会将更多的过敏性物质吸收入体内,诱发或加重过敏性皮炎。上面三种皮肤病都会让人感到瘙痒。另外,强烈的阳光也容易引发日光性皮炎,即晒斑

一些不良生活习惯,可能导致皮肤病加重。不少皮肤病患者会用力皮肤瘙痒处,或是用肥皂清洗皮肤,这些做法不但不能缓解症状,还可能使情况恶化;部分患者食用海鲜、酒、咖啡、辣椒等刺激性食品,也会加重过敏程度;还有的患者急于治病,滥用药物,结果病情未能减轻,还可能出现毒副反应

总之,皮肤病的发病原因非常复杂,得了皮肤病以后,应及时到正规医院就诊,查明病因,对症治疗

 

Chinese Part of Speech Pinyin English
(adj) yǎng itchy
真菌 (n) zhēnjūn fungus
繁殖 (v) fánzhí to breed, to reproduce
螨虫 (n) mǎnchóng mite
皮炎 (n) píyán dermatitis
诱发 (v) yòufā to induce
瘙痒 (adj) sāoyǎng itching
晒斑 (n) shàibān sunburn
患者 (n) huànzhě patient
(v) zhuā to scratch
缓解 (v) huǎnjiě to relieve
恶化 (v) èhuà to worsen
滥用 (v) lànyòng to abuse
毒副反应 (n) dú fù fǎnyìng toxic and side effect
正规 (adj) zhèngguī standard
对症治疗 (v) duìzhèng zhìliáo to give symptomatic treatment

 

Text (1): prevention of skin diseases in summer

30-year-old Xiao Li is most afraid of summer. The weather is hot, and her skin disease will flare up causing her itching to be unbearable. Why is summer the high incidence season of dermatosis? This is related to the climatic characteristics of summer.

In summer, the climate is humid, which is suitable for fungal growth and reproduction. Mosquitoes, mites and others are more active, making it easy to cause fungal skin diseases and insect-bite dermatitis. Hot weather in summer, and human body capillary expansion, will see more allergic substances absorbed into the body, inducing or aggravating allergic dermatitis. The above three skin diseases can make people feel itchy. In addition, the strong sun is also easy to cause solar dermatitis, that is, sunburn.

Some bad habits may lead to skin disease aggravation. Many patients with skin diseases will scratch the skin, or wash the skin with soap. These practices not only fail to alleviate the symptoms, but may make the situation worse. Some patients eat such foods as seafood, wine, coffee, chili, which can aggravate the degree of allergy. There are also patients who are eager to treat diseases and abuse drugs, but the disease cannot be alleviated as a result, and toxic and side reactions may occur.

In short, the cause of skin disease is very complex. Anyone who has had a skin disease, should make regular hospital visits, identify the cause of the disease and begin symptomatic treatment.