Vestibulocochlear Organs Text 1

 

课文(一):为什么突然听不见了

林女士最近工作繁忙,每次感觉累的时候,常常伴有几分钟的耳鸣。两周前,她突然发现自己的左耳“”了,就医后被确诊为突发性耳聋,左耳听阈为85分贝(正常人听阈应小于25分贝,此数值越小听力越好)。

突发性耳聋,是指在没有任何明确的原因、征兆下,突然出现听力下降,并在短时间内失去听力的现象。该病常常是单耳发病,以学龄儿童、老年患者居多。突发性耳聋发病很快,常常伴有眩晕、耳鸣、呕吐等症状,病人受这些症状的迷惑,一味地按感冒、上火治疗,以致失去了最佳的治疗时机,最终导致永久性耳聋而遗憾终生。

虽然医学界还没有明确病因,但通过临床观察,医生们认为当天气变化、人体过度劳累或情绪激动时易出现突发性耳聋。

近年来,突发性耳聋日益年轻化。整天在家中戴着耳机听音乐、上网,煲电话粥,或去KTV、酒吧娱乐,让听力受到损害。同时,过度劳累与工作压力也渐渐成为中青年听力的杀手。

专家提醒,人们应该避免长时间接触高分贝噪声;用耳机听音乐时,音量不要超过最大音量的60%,连续收听时间不超过1小时;同时应注意预防感冒、鼻窦炎等疾病,避免导致中耳炎等耳疾。

 

Chinese Part of Speech Pinyin English
耳鸣 (v) ěrmíng tinnitus
(adj) long deaf
突发性 (adj) tūfāxìng sudden
听阈 (n) tīngyù auditory threshold
分贝 (n) fēnbèi decibel
征兆 (n) zhēngzhào sign,omen
眩晕 (v) xuànyūn to feel dizzy
呕吐 (v) ǒutù to vomit
上火 (v) shànghuǒ to suffer from excessive internal heat
永久性 (adj) yǒngjiǔxìng permanent
(v) zhái to stay indoors
电话粥 (n) diànhuàzhōu long telephone conversation
鼻窦炎 (n) bídòuyán nasosinusitis
中耳炎 (n) zhōng’ěryán otitis media

 

Text (1): Why do people suddenly lose their hearing?

Ms. Lin has been busy at work recently. Whenever she feels tired, she often suffers from tinnitus for several minutes. Two weeks ago, she suddenly found out that her left ear was “deaf”. After seeking medical treatment, she was diagnosed with sudden deafness, and the hearing threshold of her left ear was 85 decibels (The hearing threshold of a normal person should be less than 25 decibels. A smaller value gives better hearing).

Sudden deafness refers to the sudden occurrence of hearing loss without any clear cause or symptom and the loss of hearing within a short period of time. The disease is often found in a single ear, and most often is in school-age children and elderly patients. Sudden deafness occurs very quickly and is often accompanied by vertigo, tinnitus, vomiting and other symptoms. The patients, confused by these symptoms, blindly treat it as colds or excessive internal heat, losing the best treatment opportunity and eventually leading to permanent deafness and regret for the rest of their lives.

Although the etiology has not been clarified in the medical field, through clinical observation, doctors believe that sudden deafness is likely to occur when the weather changes and when the human body is overworked or emotional.

In recent years, younger people are becoming increasingly prone to sudden deafness. If you stay at home all day listening to music, surfing the Internet, talking on the phone, or going to KTV or bars for entertainment, your hearing could be impaired. At the same time, overwork and work pressure have gradually become a killer of young and middle-aged white-collar professionals’ hearing.

Experts remind that people should avoid long-term exposure to high decibel noise. When listening to music with headphones, the volume should not exceed 60% of the maximum volume, and the continuous listening time should not exceed 1 hour. At the same time, one should pay attention to the prevention of colds, sinusitis and other diseases, to avoid causing otitis media and other ear diseases.