Turner-Schulman Graduate Fellows

2019-2020

Alexander Adames, Sociology
The Social Costs of Massive Wealth Accumulation for Black and White Americans
Research on race and wealth often focuses on the disparity in the sum of assets between Black and white Americans. While this research highlights the importance of the continuing significance of race in socioeconomic attainment, we know little about what it is like to be both Black and wealthy. Though research that has examined the experiences of economically advantaged Black people, this research has focused on the middle class. By investigating the experience of economically elite Black Americans, I hope to elucidate how their social location shapes their sense of belonging, financial obligations, and political loyalty among Black people and non-Black economic elites.

Hajer Al-Faham, Political Science

Irteza Binte-Farid, Education/Anthropology
Ethical Self-Cultivation Among Black Muslim Youth
How do young black Muslim youth think about history, both in the classroom and outside of the classroom, and how does their historical understanding shape their everyday actions? Through this project, I am investigating how black spaces and historical subjectivities are articulated, differentiated, and navigated between African and African American youth who share a common faith, go to the same school, and live in the same areas of their city.

Charles Tyler Bradford, City and Regional Planning
African Property Ownership in Philadelphia
This project evaluates property (mainly home) ownership among sub-Saharan Africans in Philadelphia to identify patterns and trends of home and property ownership among the largest groups of sub-Saharan immigrants in the city of Philadelphia. We are especially interested in learning the rates and geographies of ownership, as well as the extent and characteristics of multiple-property and non-resident ownership, partly to help inform potential strategies for supporting landlords and apartment-seekers.

Ashley Cartwright, Sociology
Black Elites: How Racial Identity Influences Financial Decision-Making and Wealth Accumulation

Dylan Farrell-Bryan, Sociology
Deciding to Deport: Immigrants, Court Actors, and the Bureaucracy of Removal from Immigration Court

Adam Garnick, Law
Central American Migration Flows and the Future of US Asylum Law
There will be two facets of this research.  The first facet, through interviews with leaders in civil society, examines how migration flows from Central America have been and will continue to be affected by the global pandemic and a sharp economic downturn.  The second facet surveys how US asylum law will adapt (or not) to these changes in migration flows.

Meghan Garrity, Political Science
Disorderly & Inhumane: Explaining 100 Years of Mass Expulsion
This project examines both why and how governments expel and addresses the role of the international community in facilitating, preventing or ignoring the use of mass expulsion. My research design is a mix of quantitative global analysis and qualitative in-depth cases studies, the latter includes archival data from the International Committee for the Red Cross (ICRC), League of Nations, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), and British National Archives.

Amber Mackey, Political Science
Obstacles to Accurate Data on Race-Based Hate Crimes

Angie Ocampo, Political Science
Latino Immigrant Incorporation in Black and White
Through a novel survey experiment, this project examines how white and black Americans perceive Latinos, specifically testing different characteristics that shape perceived Americanness. This project examines the effect of skin color, language, education, occupation, and generational status, to determine how they are related to social acceptance and inclusion. Specifically, the CSERI grant has been used to survey more black respondents, who are more difficult to sample online than white respondents. This project makes important contributions to our understanding of the integration of Latinos into the American racial hierarchy.

Katherine Rader, Political Science
Tangled Fates: Casting Racial and Economic Equality in Twentieth Century America

Nathaniel Shils, Political Science
Theories of Peace, Strategies of Conflict, and the Future of Israeli-Palestinian Relations

Troels Skadhauge, Political Science
Denmark for the People: The Boundary Question in Scandinavian Social Democracy
Denmark is often praised for its social democratic welfare state. However, recently it has also been criticized for its exclusionary immigration policies. I argue that these two sides of the Danish welfare state have common roots. Both were shaped by how “the people” was depicted in social democratic discourse in the first part of the 20th century. I explore how the people was depicted and how different constructions of peoplehood influenced social and economic policy.

Rachael Stephens, Anthropology/Education
Racializing Real Estate


2018-2019

Jane Abell, Cultural Anthropology
How Arab Muslims in Philadelphia Self-Perceive, Think, and Talk About Race
The goal of this research is to shed light on racial dimensions of Muslim personhood today and to contribute to conversations on the racialization of Islam and the nexus of race and religion in the United States and in Philadelphia more specifically. Although Philadelphia is one of the most well-researched cities in the U.S., especially in terms of social scientific work, very little has been published about the city’s large and historic Muslim communities. Although statistics are unavailable on the total Muslim population in the city, Philadelphia ranks fourth nationwide in terms of number of mosques, which is a strong indicator of Islam’s great reach in the city. This project turns attention to the effects of racialized narratives on the thinking and subjectivities of Arab Muslims, an under-explored area for research.

Hajer Al-Faham, Political Science
Contingent Citizenship: Muslims in America

Aldo Anzures Tapia, Educational Linguistics
The Promise of  Indigenous Early Childhood Education in Mexico
Early childhood education (ECE) has been branded as a social equalizer that will reverse poverty trends in Mexico. When language is included in ECE debates in Mexico, it is often used as a proxy for “school readiness” – as in, students are prepared to attend classes in Spanish, the actual language of instruction – precluding discussions on multilingual education and overlooking the impacts of these policies in Indigenous communities. This study provides an ethnographic account of how different stakeholders in one Indigenous community in the Yucatan Peninsula respond to language policies and ECE initiatives that promise quality education under the guise of social justice, inclusive education, and economic returns. Moreover, situated within a region coping with migration and mass tourism, this research also traces the impact of these processes on the compromises parents and teachers make in regard to their children’s education.

Veronica Brownstone
Art and Feminized Informality in El Salvador Today

Kimberly Cardenas, American Politics
Beyond Linked Fate: Identity Politics in Latinx LGBTQ Organizations
I seek to incorporate gender and sexuality in my analysis of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) identifying Latinxs by asking what it means, politically, to simultaneously identify as an ethnic and sexual minority. Other questions that drive this study are: How do sexual orientation and ethnic identity inform political ideologies, why, and when? Is there a tension in identifying as both Latinx and queer, or is the espousal of these two designations instead suggest “an affirmative identification that suggests a progressive approach to racial and social issues?” In this project, I will develop and test a theory of LGBTQ Latinx political identification by examining in-depth two Latinx LGBTQ organizations in Philadelphia and New York City.

Andres Castro, Sociology
Multi-State Models: Life Course Analysis from Event Histories and Panel Data
In this 4-day course, participants were introduced to the concept of multi-state models. Learning involved how to estimate the essential quantities in the two most frequently encountered data situations: Event-histories, for which the exact times of transitions are known, and panel data, where observations are only made in (more or less) regular intervals, leading to interval-censored data.

Yara Damaj
Race, Class, and the Feminization of Migration Through the Lens of Migrant Domestic Workers in Lebanon

Conor Donnan, History
An “Empire of Liberty?”: Irish Immigrants, Native Americans, and American Imperialism in the Trans-Mississippi West Between 1840 and 1924
My research reconstructs the interactions of Irish Catholics and Native Americans against the backdrop of American expansion, industrialization, the growing capitalist economy, and questions surrounding citizenship in the trans-Mississippi West between 1840 and 1924. Irish Catholics and indigenous peoples became intertwined socially, politically, and economically in ways that both reinforced and shifted the paradigms of the U.S. empire. Native Americans and Irish immigrants negotiated their identities and shaped their social and political ideas based on their interactions with each other, American structures of power, and the transnational influence of Irish nationalism. Irish immigrants forged alliances and traded with Indians, married into indigenous families, and even became leaders of nations. Irish people attempted to rid themselves of the power of federal authority by moving out West in order to live the rough and tumble lifestyle of the West. However, they also fought against Native Americans in brutal military campaigns such as Little Big Horn, advanced the causes of imperialism and capitalism in the West, and economically benefited from the subjugation of Indians. These interactions, which were built upon imperial expansion, forced national discussion on the meanings of democracy and citizenship in the United States.

Lisette Enumah, Teaching
Racial Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Teacher Education
This study uses grounded theory methodology to explore the practices of teacher educators who teach about race and racism. Specifically, the researcher inquires about how teacher educators across a range of contexts conceptualize the knowledge and pedagogy that are essential to engaging issues of race and racism in their teacher education classrooms. The focus of inquiry in the study is to develop a more concrete framework for “racial pedagogical content knowledge.” Through interviews, focus groups, and artifacts from teaching, participants reflect on their teaching goals, pedagogical practice, and successes and challenges in teaching about race and racism.

Adam Garnick, Law
Know Your Rights in Honduras

Lotem Halevy
Democritization and Domestic Migration in the Habsburg Empire

Taylor Heath

Elizabeth Jacobs
Institutions and Skilled Migration: How Companies, Universities, and the State Regulate and Constrain the Development and Retention of Foreign Skill in the United States

Jin Kyeong Jung
Reconnecting to the Heritage Language and Culture Through a Digitally-Mediated Trans-Border Network
This study calls attention to the role of the digital in creating accessible and equitable opportunities for immigrant youth in the field of language and literacy education. Utilizing digital tools in a digitally mediated transnational network, this research was designed to (re)connect a group of Korean American immigrant youth with their heritage language and culture by engaging in mediated composing with peers in their home country, South Korea. Through mediated multimodal and multilingual communications, this research reinforces Korean heritage language learners’ linguistic and cultural repertoires. The goal of this research is to provide a digitally-infused curriculum for immigrant youth so that they can leverage their linguistic, cultural, and historic resources and contemporary lived experiences with a networked audience beyond their local community and school.

Maryam Khojasteh, City and Regional Planning
Place-Making for Health: How Do Immigrant Food Entrepreneurs Contribute to Community Well-Being in a Hyper-Diverse Community?
This project investigates how immigrant food businesses contribute to health and community well-being in a multi-ethnic community. This research employs a mixed-method approach and relies on historical research, ethnographic methods and cross-sectional surveys to explore how such businesses contribute to community economic development, impact the community food environment, and shape food shopping and consumption patterns of different groups of residents (native vs. foreign-born). This work highlights human agency and social processes within built environment that shape food shopping patterns and makes a case for the significant role of small grocery stores in community building, workforce development and provision of healthy and affordable food. The findings have implications for public health interventions and public policies designed for incorporation and integration of new Americans.

Daniel Morales-Armstrong

James Morone, American Politics
Activist Populations and Possibilities for Organizing in High-Poverty Black and Latinx Urban Neighborhoods
This project examines political and civic activism in high-poverty neighborhoods of U.S. cities.  Through field work in two neighborhoods of Chicago (one a mostly black neighborhood and one a mostly Latinx “point of entry” neighborhood), I examine how public policy, foundations, educational institutions, and other forces created and reproduce populations of neighborhood activists with particular perspectives on racial and economic justice—from socialist visions of redistribution and public provision, to neoliberal visions of market-driven real estate development.   I consider how these activist populations respond to opportunities to participate in politics, and thus determine which kinds of political projects take root in, or emerge from, their neighborhoods.

Sonita Moss
A Place in Paris? Formulations of Citizenship, Culture, and Identity in the Black American Parisian Community

Joao Victor Nery Fiocchi Rodrigues, Sociology
Slavery, State Formation and Citizenship: A Comparative Historical Analysis of the United States and Brazil
This research project seeks to analyze how the legal systems of two slave societies (the United States and Brazil) defined who belongs to the body politic. The specific empirical concern is to understand the legal status of the black enslaved and freed populations in the United States and in Brazil and whether and how they were granted the right to “migrate”. In order to so, archival data (legal documentation, slavery abolition collections, historic newspapers) will be analyzed through the comparative-historical method. This investigation attempts to empirically operationalize Goldberg’s theory of the racial state, which argues that race is a central category to understand the development of the modern racial state, and also its historical and current inequalities.

Angie Ocampo
Social Acceptance: Reconceptualizing Latino Immigrant Incorporation

Joshua Reaves

Marlén Rosas, History
Indigenous Activists’ Archives and Power in Twentieth-Century Highlands Ecuador
For this project, I have developed contacts in Cayambe, including school directors and teachers, to help with archival documents listing students enrolled in indigenous schools from 1946. With the help of the great-granddaughter of the Governor of the Pesillo community in Cayambe and member of the political indigenous group Pueblo Kayambi, I will spend 4 months, (March 2019-June 2019) interviewing former students to learn about their education in makeshift classrooms. Additionally, Pueblo Kayambi promotes their own vision for grassroots indigenous education through leadership workshops for directors of Cayambe’s communities. I will interview members of the organization to inform the discussion of current education projects.

Carmen Torre Perez, Hispanic Studies
Counter-Hegemonic Mestizaje on a Changing Island: Bearing Witness to a Punk Culture in Cuba
As part of an ongoing research project, video footage will be recorded in Cuba consisting of interviews and shows about the Cuban punk scene. Music files will be gathered as well in order to create a documentary on Cuban punk and a digital punk music directory.