11: Ancient and Moderns in Rome’s Visual Culture

Humanist culture: ancient models, modern world


The Domus Aurea and Grotesques

Nero: begun after fire in Rome, 64 CE; some sections survived until 114

Domus Aurea website

A Reconstruction

Rediscovery: late 15th c (by 1480s)

Artists’ visits: first known examples of ancient Roman  painting

Sala della Sfinge (disc. 2018): painted walls

Raphael: Vatican Loggia, also Villa Farnesina

Villa Farnesina

Raffaello Sanzio (1483-1520)

  • Urbino (father a painter at court)
  • Ca 1504 time in Florence
  • 1508 Julius II invited him to Rome
  • Vatican Stanze
  • 1514 (death of Bramante): in charge of St Peter’s plans
  • Grotesques: exx Loggia at Vatican, at Villa Farnesina (Agostino Chigi)
  •  Prefect of antiquities
  • Letter of request to Leo X: identify, preserve Rome’s antiquities

Major Discoveries of ancient sculpture

Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564)

  • Caprese
  • Settignano
  • Domenico Ghirlandaio
  • Lorenzo de’ Medici
  •      Early reliefs

Madonna della Scala 1492

Casa Buonarroti

Centauromachia, 1492

Casa Buonarroti

  • 1494 Bologna, back to Florence
  • Sleeping Cupid
  •      Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de’ Medici
  •      Cardinal Raffaele  Riario
  • 1496 Rome

Bacchus; rejected by Riario, sold to banker Jacopo Galli for his garden. Florence 1572

1497-8 (French ambassador) Pietà


Florence, Museo Nazionale del Bargello


Pietà (1498-99) Rome, Vatican, St Peter

1499 Florence:         David 1504

1505  Rome: tomb of Julius II (unfinished) San Pietro in Vincoli

1508-12 Sistine chapel ceiling
Sistine Chapel Penn ImageSistine Chapel General

       Leo X: work in Florence (Medici Chapel and more)

1534   Rome Clement VII

   1534-41 Last Judgment; Capitoline; more

Michelangelo, Campidoglio plan, engraved by Étienne Dupérac, 1568

1546 named architect of St Peter’s

Belvedere Cortile