Latest Studies

2024 North Atlantic Hurricane Prediction

Dr. Michael E. Mann and Shannon Christiansen at the University of Pennsylvania, and Penn State ESSC alumnus, Dr. Michael Kozar, have released their seasonal prediction for the 2024 North Atlantic hurricane season. This year’s prediction yields the highest storm count to date and highlights the impacts of rising sea surface temperatures and changes in ENSO states. 

2021 Pacific Northwest "Heat Dome"

Dr. Xueke Li, Mann Research Group postdoc, and Dr. Michael E. Mann lead collaborators in a new article published in PNAS showing the precursor role that atmospheric resonance has in the 2021 Pacific Northwest “Heat Dome” event. The study found that interactions between planetary-scale atmospheric waves and local soil moisture conditions played a role in the unprecedented extreme.

Compound Drought and Heatwave Events

Dr. Michael E. Mann and collaborators lead by Kumar P. Tripathy investigated the risk of compound drought and heatwave events (CDHW) under “worse-case” climate change scenarios. In this new study, they found the effects of climate change increases the intensity, duration and frequency of CDHW events, and comment on the threat extreme heat has on socioeconomic factors.

Another Year of Record Heat

Lijing Cheng, and numerous collaborators including Dr. Michael E Mann, have once again extended previous research to conclude that the world’s oceans were a record warm in 2022, despite the presence of La Niña conditions, for another consecutive year.

Past and Future Ocean Warming

Lijing Cheng and collaborators, including Dr. Michael E. Mann, outline the drivers and consequences of past and future ocean warming though monitoring ocean measurements and analyzing model simulations.

Irreversible Decline in Freshwater Storage

Dr. Michael E. Mann and collaborators have found that climate change threatens terrestrial freshwater storage over the Tibetan plateau. Irreversible declines in freshwater storage are projected for parts of Asia by 2060.

Region Specific Shifts in the ITCZ

Dr. Byron Steinman, and collaborators including Dr. Mann, analyzed paleoclimate records and model simulations of precipitation change in the neotropics  that span the preindustrial last millennium to assess ITCZ behavior on multicentury timescales. They demonstrate that the ITCZ shifted southward during the Little Ice Age in the Atlantic basin in response to relative cooling of the Northern Hemisphere driven by volcanic forcing, which contrasts with studies suggesting that changes in ITCZ width and/or strength, rather than a change in mean position, occurred during the Little Ice Age.

Previous Highlighted Studies:


Another record: Ocean warming continues through 2021 despite La Niña conditions 

Lijing Cheng, and numerous collaborators including Dr. Michael E. Mann, have extended previous research to conclude that the world’s oceans were again record warm in 2021, for the sixth consecutive year, despite the presence of La Niña conditions.

Read the study (Web version on the journal Web site) >>

Read the study (printable version on the Mann Web site) >>

Read a press release from SciTechDaily >>

View a supplementary video produced by the authors>>

Read news coverage of the study:

Washington Post>>

The Guardian>>




Strait Times>>


CTV News (Canada)>>

Le Monde>>

Heat stress in U.S. may double by the end of the century

Dr. Michael E. Mann and collaborators Sourav Mukherjee (lead author), Ashok Kumar Mishra, and Colin Raymond published a study that shows that areas of the United States with increasing populations will likely experience even higher increases in heat stress.

Read the study >>

Read the AGU press release >>

Read more from NSF >>

Apparent Atlantic warming cycle likely an artifact of climate forcing

ESSC scientists Dr. Michael E. Mann and Daniel J. Brouillette and alumni scientists Dr. Byron Steinman and Sonya Miller have published a study that further confirms that the so-called Atlantic Multi-Decadal Oscillation is indistinguishable from the background noise of internal climate variability and is an artifact of climate forcing and that additionally finds that it tracks closely with volcanic forcing over the past millennium.


Read the paper >>

Other Studies:

Climate Change Impacts

Climate Modelling


Hurricanes and Climate Change

Education and Policy

Time Series Analyses