Partisan Hostility and American Democracy: Explaining Political Divisions and When They Matter. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Chicago Studies in American Politics (with James Druckman, Samara Klar, Yanna Krupnikov, and John Barry Ryan). | Website

Levendusky, M., Patterson, S., Margolis, M., Pasek, J., Winneg, K. and Jamieson, K.H. (2024). “Has the Supreme Court Become Just Another Political Branch? Public Perceptions of Court Approval and Legitimacy in a Post-Dobbs World.” Science Advances 10 (10): eadk9590 | Paper | Supplemental Material

Dias, N., J. Druckman, and M. Levendusky. (Accepted).  “Unraveling a ‘Cancel Culture’ Dynamic: When, Why, and Which Americans Sanction Offensive Speech” Journal of Politics | Paper 

Levendusky, M., Patterson, S., Margolis, M., Ophir, Y., Walter, D. and Jamieson, K.H. (Accepted). “The Long Shadow of the Big Lie: How Beliefs about the Legitimacy of the 2020 Election Spill Over onto Future Elections.” Public Opinion Quarterly | Paper | Supplemental Materials

Levendusky, M. (Forthcoming) “Can Information Persuade Rather than Polarize? A Review of Alex Coppock’s Persuasion in Parallel.” Political Science Quarterly  | Review



Our Common Bonds: Using What Americans Share to Overcome the Partisan Divide. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Chicago Studies in American Politics. | Website

Democracy Amid Crises: Polarization, Pandemic, Protest, and Persuasion. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press (Annenberg Institutions of Democracy Collaborative). | Website



Druckman, J., S. Klar, Y. Krupnikov, M. Levendusky and J.B. Ryan. (2022). “(Mis-)Estimating Affective Polarization.” Journal of Politics 84(2): 1106-17 | Paper | Supplemental Appendix

Grossman, G., Kronick, D., Levendusky, M. and Meredith, M. (2022). “The Majoritarian Threat to Liberal Democracy.” Journal of Experimental Political Science 9(1): 36-45. | Paper | Supplemental Appendix

Levendusky, M. (2022). “How Does Local TV News Change Viewers’ Attitudes? The Case of Sinclair Broadcasting.” Political Communication 39(1): 23-38. | Paper | Supplemental Appendix | Full Color Version of Figure 1

Lyons, B., et al. (2022). “Self-Affirmation and Identity-Driven Political Behavior.” Journal of Experimental Political Science 9(2): 225-40 | Paper



Levendusky, M. and Stecula, D. (2021).  We Need to Talk: How Cross-Party Dialogue Reduces Affective Polarization. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Elements in Experimental Political Science.  | Publisher’s Website | Supplemental Appendix | USA Today Op-Ed

Druckman, J., S. Klar, Y. Krupnikov, M. Levendusky and J.B. Ryan. (2021). “How Affective Polarization Shapes Americans’ Political Beliefs: A Study of Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic.” Journal of Experimental Political Science 8(3): 223 – 34. | Paper | Supplemental Appendix

Kingzette, J., Druckman, J., S. Klar, Y. Krupnikov, M. Levendusky and J.B. Ryan. (2021). “How Affective Polarization Undermines Support for Democratic Norms” Public Opinion Quarterly 85(2): 663-77. | Paper | Supplemental Appendix

Holbert, R.L., N. Dias, B. Hardy, K. H. Jamieson, M. Levendusky, A. Renninger, D. Romer, K. Winneg, and J. Pasek. (2021). “Exploring the Role of Media Use within an Integrated Behavioral Model (IBM) Approach to Vote Likelihood.” American Behavioral Scientist 65(3): 412-31. | Paper

Druckman, J., S. Klar, Y. Krupnikov, M. Levendusky and J.B. Ryan. (2021). “Affective Polarization, Local Contexts and Public Opinion in America.” Nature: Human Behaviour 5(1): 28-38. | Paper | Supplemental Appendix



Druckman, J. and M. Levendusky. (2019). “What Do We Measure When We Measure Affective Polarization?” Public Opinion Quarterly 83(1): 114-22 | Paper | Supplemental Appendix

Iyengar, S., Y. Lelkes, M. Levendusky, N. Malhotra, and S. Westwood. (2019). “The Origins and Consequences of Affective Polarization in the United States.” Annual Review of Political Science 22(1): 129-46 | Paper

Druckman, J., S. Gubitz, M. Levendusky, and A. Lloyd (2019). “How Incivility On Partisan Media (De)Polarizes the Electorate.” Journal of Politics 81(1): 291-5 | Paper | Supplemental Appendix



Levendusky, M. (2018). When Efforts to Depolarize the Electorate Fail. Public Opinion Quarterly 82(3): 583-92. | Paper | Supplemental Appendix

Levendusky, M. (2018). Americans, Not Partisans: Can Priming American National Identity Reduce Affective Polarization? Journal of Politics 80(1): 59-70. | Paper | Supplemental Appendix

McConnell, C., N. Malhotra, Y. Margalit, & M. Levendusky (2018). “The Economic Consequences of Partisanship in a Polarized Era.” American Journal of Political Science  62(1): 5-18. | Paper | Supplemental Appendix | Published Erratum | Detailed Erratum | Press Coverage

Druckman, J., M. Levendusky, & A. McLain. (2018). No Need to Watch: How the Effects of Partisan Media Can Spread via Inter-Personal Discussions. American Journal of Political Science. 62(1): 99-112. | Paper | Supplemental Appendix



Levendusky, M. (2017). Morris Fiorina’s Foundational Contributions to the Study of Partisanship and Mass Polarization. The Forum 15(1): 189-201. | Paper

Levendusky, M. (2017).  Partisan Media & Polarization: Challenges for Future Work. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics., London, UK: Oxford University Press | Paper



Levendusky, M., & Malhotra N. (2016).  (Mis)Perceptions of Partisan Polarization in the American Public. Public Opinion Quarterly. 80(S1), 387-91. | Paper | Supplemental Appendix

Levendusky, M., & Malhotra N. (2016).  Does Media Coverage of Partisan Polarization Affect Political Attitudes?. Political Communication. 33(2), 283-301. | PaperSupplemental Appendix | Media Coverage of Article

Levendusky, M., Druckman J., & McLain A. (2016).  How Group Discussions Create Strong Attitudes and Strong Partisans. Research and Politics. 3(2), 1-6. | PaperSupplemental_Appendix 

Lapinski, J., Levendusky M., Winneg K., & Jamieson K. H. (2016).  What Do Citizens Want from their Member of Congress?. Political Research Quarterly. 69(3), 535-45. | Paper | Supplemental Appendix


Darr, J., & Levendusky M. (2014).  Relying on the Ground Game: The Placement and Effect of Campaign Field Offices. American Politics Research. 42(3), 529-48. | Publication | Supplemental Appendix


Levendusky, M. (2013).  How Partisan Media Polarize America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press | Website

Levendusky, M. (2013).  Partisan Media Exposure and Attitudes Toward the Opposition. Political Communication. 30(4), 565-581. PaperSupplemental Appendix

Levendusky, M. (2013).  Partisan Polarization in the U.S. Electorate.Oxford Bibliographies Online.

Levendusky, M. (2013).  Why Do Partisan Media Polarize Viewers?.American Journal of Political Science. 57(3), 611-623. | Paper | Supplemental Appendix


Levendusky, M., & Horowitz M. (2012).  When Backing Down Is the Right Decision: Partisanship, New Information and Audience Costs.Journal of Politics. 74(2), 323-338. | Paper


Yeager, D., Krosnick J., Chang L., Javitz H., Levendusky M., Simpser A., & Wang R. (2011).  Comparing the Accuracy of RDD Telephone Surveys and Internet Surveys Conducted with Probability and Non-Probability Samples. Public Opinion Quarterly. 75(4), 709-47. | Paper

Horowitz, M., & Levendusky M. (2011).  Drafting Support for War: Conscription and Mass Support for Warfare. Journal of Politics. 73(2), 524-34. | Paper | Supplemental Appendix

Levendusky, M., & Pope J. (2011).  Red States vs. Blue States: Going Beyond the Mean. Public Opinion Quarterly. 75(2), 227-48. | Paper

Levendusky, M.  (2011).  Rethinking the Role of Political Information.Public Opinion Quarterly. 75(1), 42-64. | Paper | Supplemental Appendix


Levendusky, M. (2010).  Clearer Cues, More Consistent Voters: A Benefit of Elite Polarization. Political Behavior. 32(1), 111-131. | Paper | Supplemental Appendix

Levendusky, M., & Pope J.  (2010).  Measuring Aggregate-Level Ideological Heterogeneity. Legislative Studies Quarterly. 35(2), 259-82. | Paper | Supplemental Appendix | Estimates of State-Level Ideological Heterogeneity


Levendusky, M. (2009).  The Microfoundations of Mass Polarization.Political Analysis. 17(2), 162-76. | Paper | Supplemental Appendix

Levendusky, M. (2009). The Partisan Sort: How Liberals Became Democrats and Conservatives Became Republicans. Chicago: University of Chicago Press | Website


Levendusky, M., Pope J., & Jackman S.  (2008). Measuring District-Level Partisanship with Implications for the Analysis of U.S. Elections. Journal of Politics. 70(3), 736-53. | Paper | Supplemental Appendix | Estimates of District Partisanship


Sniderman, P., & Levendusky M. (2007).  An Institutional Theory of Political Choice. Oxford Handbook of Political Behavior. 437-56., Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press | Paper


Fiorina, M., & Levendusky M. (2006). Disconnected: The Political Class versus the People. Red and Blue Nation? Characteristics, Causes, and Consequences of America’s Polarized Politics. 49-71., Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press and the Hoover Institution | Paper