Persian is often an important research language for graduate students whose work relates to the peoples and cultures of the Middle East and South Asia. They can take Persian language classes for a grade or as official auditors, by registering for the 600-level course cross-listings. Graduate students are encouraged to apply for the Foreign Language and Area Studies (FLAS) fellowship for Persian. Students interested in pursuing graduate studies in Persian at Penn can apply to the Graduate Program in Middle Eastern Literatures and Societies, in the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations.