“Ideal Theory, Political Liberalism, and the Well-Ordered Society.” Journal of Social Philosophy 1–21.

‘Reasonable Political Conceptions and the Well-Ordered Liberal Society,’ in ‘Rawls’s A Theory of Justice at 50,’ Paul Weithman ed., (Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press, 2023) 257-276.

‘The Original Position” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, substantive revisions, 2023,


‘High Liberalism,’ The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy, Politics, and Economics, Chris Melenovsky, ed., Routledge, 2022.


‘Precés’ and ‘Replies to Critics’, Book Symposium: On Samuel Freeman, Liberalism and Distributive Justice, in Philosophy and Public Issues, 10: 1, 2020, pp. 3-22, 175-347:

Review of Katrina Forrester: In the Shadow of Justice, Postwar Liberalism and the Remaking of Political Philosophy, in Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, (Sept.2020)

‘Democracy, Religion, and Public Reason,’ Daedalus, 149, no.3: Summer 2020, pp 37-58; reason


Liberalism and Distributive Justice, Oxford University Press, (2018)

‘Contractarian Justice and Severe Cognitive Disabilities,’ in Disability and Practice, edited by Thomas Hill and Adam Cureton, Oxford University Press, (2018), pp. 174-203

‘Distributive Justice and the Difference Principle,’ Oxford Handbook of Distributive Justice, Serena Olsaretti, ed., Oxford University Press, (2018), pp. 13-40

Penn 60 second lecture: ‘Interpreting the Constitution,’

Interview on Liberalism and Distributive Justice:


“The Headquarters of Neo-Marxism” (PDF), Samuel Freeman, The New York Review of Books LXIV (2017): 63-65 pp

Liberalism In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics (PDF), Samuel Freeman (2017)

‘Liberal and Illiberal Libertarians,’ in The Routledge Handbook of Libertarianism, eds., Jason Brennan, et. al., Routledge, 2017, 108-124.


“The Enemies of Roger Scruton.” New York Review of Books, LXIII, April 21 (2016): 32-34.


“The Basic Structure of Society as the First Subject of Justice.” In Blackwell Companion to Rawls, edited by Jon Mandel and David Reidy, 88-111. Blackwell, 2014.

“The Case Against Moralism’: Bernard Williams’ Essays and Reviews, 1959-2002.” New York Review of Books, LXI, July 9, (2014): 50-52.

‘The Original Position,’ Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2008, revised 2014)


It’s in Your Own Best Interest, Cass Sunstein’s The Future of Government, New York Review of Books October 24th, 2013

“‘Property-Owning Democracy and the Difference Principle’.” Analyse & Kritik, 9 (2013): 9-36.

“‘Rawls and Property-Owning Democracy’.” In Unpacking Rawls, edited by Nicola Riva., 2013. (in Italian translation)

“The Social and Institutional Bases of Distributive Justice,’.” In Cosmopolitanism versus Noncosmopolitanism, edited by Gillian Brock, 198-221. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2013.

“G.A.Cohen’s Critique of Rawls’s Difference Principle.” Harvard Review of Philosophy 19 (2013): 23-45.


“Why Be Good? (Review of Parfit’s On What Matters).” New York Review of Books, LIX, April 26 (2012): 52-54.

“‘Ideal Theory and the Justice of Institutions vs. Comprehensive Outcomes,” Symposium on Amartya Sen’s The Idea of Justice, Rutgers Law Journal 43 (2012): 169-210.

“Social Contract Approaches,” The Oxford Handbook of Political Philosophy, David Estlund, ed. (New York: Oxford U Press, 2012) pp. 133-151

‘Can Economic Liberties Be Basic Liberties,’ Symposium on John Tomasi’s Free Market Fairness, in Bleeding Hear Libertarians, 2012


“Capitalism in the Classical and High Liberal Traditions,”  Social Philosophy and Policy 28 (2011): 19-55.

“Problems with some consequentialist arguments for basic rights.” The Philosophy of Human Rights: Contemporary Controversies (2011): 107.

Wallace R.J., R Kumar, and S. Freeman, eds.  Reasons and Recognition: Essays on the Philosophy of TM Scanlon. Oxford Univ Pr, 2011.


“Equality of Resources, Market Luck, and the Justification of Adjusted Market Distributions,” Symposium on Ronald Dworkin’s works. Boston University Law Review. 90 (2010): 921-2461.

“A New Theory of Justice (Review of Sen’s The Idea of Justice).” New York Review of Books, LVII, October 14 (2010): 58-60.


“Constructivism, facts, and moral justification.” Contemporary debates in political philosophy, Thomas Christiano, ed. (Oxford, UK: Blackwell, 2009) 41-60

“Raymond Geuss, Philosophy and Real Politics.” Ethics 120 (2009): 175.


Freeman, S. editor. John Rawls: Lectures on the history of political philosophy. Harvard University Press, 2008.

‘The Original Position,’ Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2008, revised 2014)

“Review: Michael Otsuka: Libertarianism without Inequality.” Mind 117 (2008): 709-715.


“The burdens of public justification: Constructivism, contractualism, and publicity.” Politics, Philosophy and Economics 6 (2007): 5-43.


Justice and the social contract: essays on Rawlsian political philosophy. Oxford University Press, USA, 2007.


Rawls. The Philosophers Series, Taylor & Francis, 2007.


“Distributive Justice and The Law of Peoples.” Rawls’s Law of Peoples: A Realistic Utopia?, Rex Martin and David Reidy, eds., Blackwells, 2006, pp.243-260.

“Frontiers of justice: The capabilities approach vs. contractarianism.” Tex. L. Rev. 85 (2006): 385-2163.

“The law of peoples, social cooperation, human rights, and distributive justice.” Social Philosophy and Policy 23 (2006): 29-68.


“Moral contractarianism as a foundation for interpersonal morality.” Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory, edited by James Drier, (Oxford: Blackwell, 2005, pp.57-76)


Freeman, Samuel, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Rawls. Cambridge Univ Pr, 2003.

“Congruence and the Good of Justice.” The Cambridge Companion to Rawls (2003): 277-315.

“John Rawls: An Overview.” The Cambridge Companion to Rawls (2003): 1-61.

“Jon Mandle, What’s Left of Liberalism: An Interpretation and Defense of Justice as Fairness, Lanham MD, Lexington Books, 2000, pp. xi + 323.” Utilitas 15 (2003): 382-.

“Public reason and political justifications.” Symposium: Rawls and the Law, Fordham L. Rev. 72 (2003): 2021-2072


“Culture and Equality (Book review).” Journal of philosophy 99 (2002): 600-605.

“Fred Neuhouser, Foundations of Hegel’s Social Theory.” Ethics 112 (2002): 848-854. (Book review)

Freeman, S. “John Rawls, Friend and Teacher.” Chronicle of Higher Education (2002): 12.

“Liberalism and the accommodation of group claims.” Multiculturalism reconsidered, ed. Paul Kelly (2002): 18-30.


“Illiberal libertarians: why libertarianism is not a liberal view.” Philosophy & Public Affairs 30 (2001): 105-151.


“Deliberative democracy: A sympathetic comment.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 29 (2000): 371-418.


Freeman, S., editor,  John Rawls: Collected Papers Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1999.


“John Kekes, Against Liberalism.” Ethics 108 (1998): 602-606. (Book review)


“Sunstein on the Constitution.” Law and Philosophy 15 (1996): 437-445.


“Utilitarianism, deontology, and the priority of right.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 23 (1994): 313-349.

“Book Review:Moral Aspects of Legal Theory: Essays on Law, Justice, and Political Responsibility. David Lyons.” Ethics 105, no.3 (1994): 191-193.

“Democracy and judicial review.” Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política (1994): 181-199.


“Political Liberalism and the Possibility of a Just Democratic Constitution.” Chicago-Kent Law Review 69 (1993): 619.

“Criminal Liability and the Duty to Aid the Distressed.”  Univ. Pennsylvania Law Review 142, May (1993): 2001-2040.


“Original meaning, democratic interpretation, and the constitution.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 21 (1992): 3-42.


“Contractualism, moral motivation, and practical reason.” Journal of Philosophy 88 (1991): 281-303.

“Property as an Institutional Convention in Hume’s Account of Justice.” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 73 (1991): 20-49.

“Contractarianism and the Founding of the Constitution: On David Richards’ Foundations of American Constitutionalism,” Law and Philosophy, vol.10, no.3, August 1991, pp. 329-347.


“Constitutional democracy and the legitimacy of judicial review.” Law and Philosophy 9 (1990): 327-370.

“Morals by Appropriation,”  Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, vol.71, no.4, December 1990, pp.279-309.

“Reason and agreement in social contract views.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 19 (1990): 122-157.