Reproductive System Text 2

 

课文(二):生个健康的宝宝,你准备好了吗

孕育健康的宝宝是每对父母的心愿。怀孕前,女性应做全面体检,特别是那些曾有异常孕产史,如自然流产、死胎、胎儿发育畸形或月经周期失调等症状的女性。

叶太太和叶先生结婚两年多了,性生活正常,也没有采取避孕措施,但始终没有怀孕。大夫认为这属于典型的不孕症,建议叶先生也进行一下检查。因为男性的生殖细胞很脆弱,不孕也有可能是由不健康的精子引发的。

那么,到底什么会影响精子的健康呢?首先,不良的生活习惯,如吸烟、酗酒都会导致生殖腺功能降低,抑制精子的形成。男性性生活次数过多,每次射出的精子量也会减少。而自慰行为不当更会造成前列腺炎,引发不孕。此外,长期饮食无规律,偏食、节食,或过多使用油炸、肉类食品都会损害脑垂体功能,导致不孕。

其次,阴囊内温度至少比体温低1~1.5°C,而睾丸内的温度必须更低,不然精子就会死亡。此外,如果环境中具有大量放射线,也可能引起精子染色体的畸形。

最后,精神处于高度紧张、疲惫、压抑的状态,都有可能导致神经系统和内分泌系统功能紊乱,睾丸生精功能不良,从而影响精子的质量。

 

Chinese Part of Speech Pinyin English
怀孕 (v) huáiyùn to be pregnant
流产 (v) liúchǎn to miscarry
性生活 (n) xìngshēnghuó sex life
避孕 (n) bìyùn contraception
生殖腺 (n) shēngzhíxiàn genital gland
抑制 (v) yìzhì to suppress
自慰 (v) zìwèi to masturbate
前列腺炎 (n) qiánlièxiànyán prostatitis
脑垂体 (n) nàochuítǐ pituitary gland
阴囊 (n) yīnnáng scrotum
放射线 (n) fàngshèxiàn radioactive ray
染色体 (n) rǎnsètǐ chromosome

 

Text (2): To have a healthy baby, are you ready?

Giving birth to a healthy baby is the wish of every parent. Before pregnancy, women should have a complete physical examination, especially those with a history of abnormal pregnancy such as spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, fetal development abnormalities, or menstrual cycle disorders.

Mrs. Ye and Mr. Ye have been married for more than two years and their sex life is normal. They did not take any contraceptive measures, but they never got pregnant. The doctor thinks this is typical infertility and suggests that Mr. Ye also get checked. Infertility can also be caused by unhealthy sperm because of the fragility of male germ cells.

So, what can affect sperm health? First of all, bad habits, such as smoking and alcohol abuse will lead to decreased gonadal function and inhibit the formation of sperm. Men have sex too many times, each time the amount of sperm will be reduced. Masturbation can cause prostatitis which can cause infertility. In addition, a long-term unhealthy diet, including excessive use of fried, meat products will damage the pituitary function, leading to infertility.

Second, the temperature in the scrotum must be at least 1 to 1~1.5°C lower than the body temperature, and the temperature in the testis must be lower, or the sperm will die. In addition, if the environment has a large amount of radiation, it may also cause sperm chromosome abnormalities.

Finally, the spirit in a state of high tension and fatigue or depression may lead to the nervous system and endocrine system dysfunction. Testicular spermatogenesis dysfunction can occur thus affecting the quality of sperm.