Final Publications


Hansen presented the results of his in preliminary reports and one unpublished doctoral dissertation. When Hansen died in 2007, Dr. Pittman inherited the archive and proceeded to digitize all of the records and systematically study and publish the results of his work. Graduate students participated in this process and the final publication project is now in the last stages of completion. The results will be presented in three volumes of the Aratta series published by Brepols.


Office storage of the Tell Al-Hiba archive at the Penn Museum.

Front page of data core for artifact storage.


The first volume to appear, in October 2021, is the study of the pottery from the Hansen excavations undertaken by Dr. Steve Renette. This new analysis provides an analysis that takes into account more than 80,000 sherds recorded in archaeological context from the Fourth and Third Millennia BCE.


Dr. Darren Ashby completed his dissertation on the temples of Area A and B in 2017, and he is preparing this study for publication. Two further volumes of architecture and archaeology of Areas G and C are near completion. Work on those has been undertaken by Prof. Pittman together with Drs. Ashby, Renette and Giacomo Benati. Marc Marin Webb has contributed the analysis of the architecture of Area C and Area G. Bringing the publication of these legacy excavations to a close provided the impetus to begin a second campaign with new research goals building on past results.


Preliminary Publications

Bahrani, Zainab.The Administrative Building at Tell Al Hiba, Lagash.” 2 vols. PhD dissertation, New York University, 1989.

Biggs, Robert D. “Pre-Sargonic Riddles from Lagash.Journal of Near Eastern Studies 32:1 (1973): 26-33.

—. Inscriptions from Al-Hiba – Lagash: First and Second Seasons. Second printing with addenda. Bibliotheca Mesopotamica 3. Malibu, CA: Undena Publications, 1976.

—. “Enannatum I of Lagash and Ur-Lumma of Umma–A New Text.” In Kramer Anniversary Volume: Cuneiform Studies in Honor of Samuel Noah Kramer, edited by Barry L. Eichler, 33-40. Alter Orient und Altes Testament. Kevelaer: Butzon & Bercker, 1976. 

Black, Jeremy A.Inscribed Objects.” In Elizabeth Carter,“Report to the State Organization of Antiquities and Heritage on the Surface Survey of al-Hiba—Lagash, 1984.” 1984.

Carter, Elizabeth.Report to the State Organization of Antiquities and Heritage on the Surface Survey of al-Hiba—Lagash, 1984.” 1984.

Crawford, Vaughn E.Excavations in the Swamps of Sumer. Expedition 14:2 (1972): 12-20.

—. “Lagash.” Iraq 36 (1974): 29-35.

—. “Inscriptions from Lagash, Season Four, 1975-78.Journal of Cuneiform Studies 29:4 (1977): 189-222.

Hansen, Donald P. “Al-Hiba, 1968-1969: A Preliminary Report.” Artibus Asiae 32:4 (1970): 243-258.

—. “Al-Hiba, 1970-1971: A Preliminary Report.” Artibus Asiae 35:1 (1973): 62-78.

—. “Al-Hiba: A Summary of Four Seasons of Excavation, 1968-1976.Sumer 34:1 (1978): 72-85.

—. “Lagaš. B. Archäologisch.” In Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie, edited by Dietz Otto Edzard, vol. 6, 422-430. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1980-1983.

—. “The Fantastic World of Sumerian Art: Seal Impressions from Ancient Lagash.” In Monsters and Demons in the Ancient and Medieval Worlds: Papers Presented in Honor of Edith Porada, edited by Ann E. Farkas, Prudence O. Harper, and Evelyn B. Harrison, 53-63, Plates XII-XVI. Mainz: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 1987.

—. “The Sixth Season at Tell al-Hiba.”Mār Šipri 3:1 (1990): 1-3.

—. “Royal Building Activity at Sumerian Lagash in the Early Dynastic Period.”  Biblical Archaeologist 55:4 (1992): 206-211.

Koldewey, Robert. “Die altbabylonischen Gräber in Surghul und El Hibba.” Zeitschrift für Assyriologie und verwandte Gebiete 2 (1887): 403-430.

Marchesi, Gianni.Edubba’s Rhymes: A New Sumerian Textual Genre?” In Ana šulmāni: Ancient Near Eastern Studies in Honor of Simonetta Graziani, edited by Noemi Borrelli, 301-326. Università deli Studi di Napoli “L’Orientale” Dipartimento Asia, Africa e Mediterraneo, Series Minor 99. Naples: UniorPress, 2022.

Mudar, Karen.Early Dynastic III Animal Utilization in Lagash: A Report on the Fauna of Tell al-Hiba.Journal of Near Eastern Studies 41:1 (1982): 23-34.

Ochsenschlager, Edward.Mud Objects from al-Hiba: A Study in Ancient and Modern Technology.Archaeology 27:3 (1974): 162-174.

—. “Modern Potters at Al-Hiba: With Some Reflections on the Excavated Early Dynastic Pottery.” In Ethnoarchaeology, edited by Christopher B. Donnan and C. William Clewlow, Jr. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Institute of Archaeology, 1974.

—. “The Mendes – Al-Hiba System of Pottery Classification.” In Studien zur altägyptischen Keramik, edited by Dorothea Arnold, 79-84. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1977.

For publications relating to the 2019 – excavations, see the Current Excavations Publications Page