The Gansu Survey of Children and Families (GSCF), a collaborative project of Penn and Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, is a longitudinal, multi-level study of rural children’s welfare outcomes, including education, health, and psycho-social development, and transitions to adulthood. Pretesting for the project was conducted from 1998 to 2000 and formal rounds of data collection occurred in 2000, 2004, 2007, 2009, and 2015.

The study focuses on the following issues:

  • children’s academic achievement, educational attitudes, behaviors, and experiences, psycho-social development, and physical health
  • attitudes and practices of children, families, and teachers about parenting and schooling
  • the institutions (family, community, school) linked to children’s welfare outcomes
  • rural children’s human capital acquisition and subsequent labor outcomes, including migration choices and experiences
  • transitions to¬†adulthood and family formation

The 2015 wave of Gansu Survey of Children and Families was supported by the Hong Kong Research Grants Council (GRF 692713). Earlier waves of data were supported by the United Kingdom United Kingdom Economic and Social Research Council/Department for International Development (ESRC/DfID) Joint Scheme for Research on International Poverty Reduction (ESRC RES- 167-25-0250), the World Bank, the Spencer Foundation Small and Major Grants Programs, and the United States National Institutes of Health (1R01TW005930-01 and 5R01TW005930-02).



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