16 Renaissance Culture in Europe 2

Ambrose Dubois, Allegory of Painting and Sculpture (Fontainebleau), ca 1600

        Humanists and education

         Broadening of “learned community”


          religious reform and faculties of theology

          –religious curriculum reforms, humanist reforms

         what changed at universities?

  •              arts course: use of logic; textbooks, training of professors
  •               study of “new” ancient languages added.
  •               examples: Greek taught at Cracow c. 1500; Alcalà c 1513; Leipzig 1515; Paris 1517 (unofficially earlier);  Wittenberg 1518
  •              Hebrew: Leuven 1517 (Trilingual College ); Heidelberg 1519; Basel 1529;  Paris 1530.

          religion and theology

          Biblical study. Protestant regions and “sola scriptura”

          confessional boundaries and locations for study

          urban growth and education

          vernaculars: modern languages vs Latin

       role of ruler: how and why

  •           chancery
  •           legal studies and political thought
  •           presentation of self: image
  •           prestige
  •           humanists aid in creating royal image

          example:Valois kings of France, mainly Francis I

        Francis I ruled 1515-47

           1530:  Collège Royale (later College de France) at University of Paris

                  regius professors of Greek, Latin, and Hebrew.

                 Guillaume Budé  (1467-1540)


Jean Clouet (French, d. 1540/41):

Guillaume Budé, ca. 1536

              Commentaries on the Greek Language, 1529

              Annotations on the Pandects (1508—on Justinian Code)

       Publishers:  Stephanus or Estienne (Robert, Henri)

       chateau at Fontainebleau. Rebuilding began 1527

   Emulation of Roman, Greek past and regional European pasts

            France and Trojans

           Welsh (John Dee) and Celtic legends

           Garcilaso ‘el Inca’ (1539-1616), Peruvian humanist

House of Garcilaso in Cuzco, Peru Cuzco